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BOURNEMOUTH VS MAN CITY

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first_imgBOURNEMOUTH (4-4-2)BORUC,SMITH, FRANCIS, COOK, DANIELS,RITCHIE, ARTER, SURMAN, GRADEL,KING, AFOBEAGUERO,FERNANDO, SILVA, NAVAS,TOURE, FERNANDINHO,CLICHY, MANGALA, DEMICHELIS, SAGNA,HARTMAN CITY (4-4-2)Manchester City are fourth in the Barclays Premier League, a massive 15 points behind leaders Leicester City and four points adrift of Arsenal, in third.City have won just one of their last six Premier League games – against bottom club Aston Villa – while taking just four points from a possible 24 on offer.City lost 1-0 to Manchester United last time out, having drawn 0-0 at Old Trafford; the last time City failed to score in both games of a season against a single Premier League opponent was against Arsenal in 2010-11.Indeed, Manuel Pellegrini’s men have failed to score in three of their past four Premier League games. And Man City have lost 17 of the last 18 Premier League games they have been losing at half-time, drawing the other.On the road, City have won just five times this season in the league while scoring only 13 goals in their 14 games on the road. Only West Bromwich Albion (11) and Newcastle (seven) have scored fewer away goals.Overall, City’s away games have produced only 27 goals, the joint fewest of any BPL team, equal with Southampton (For 13, Against 14) and WBA (F11, A 16).And they need to win each of their remaining five away games to equal their number of away wins in each of the previous two seasons.Bournemouth have risen to 13th after winning three of their last four and are without Tyrone Mings, Junior Stanislas and Callum Wilson while there are tests for Harry Arter and Josh King.City are without Vincent Kompany and Raheem Sterling while there are tests for Kevin De Bruyne, Fabian Delph, Joe Hart, Samir Nasri, Yaya Toure and Nicolas Otamendi.last_img read more

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Lewis strikes ton but Windies lose to Sri Lanka

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first_img CLOSE CALLS Lewis was dropped on 26 and 41, survived an lbw decision on 53 as well as a run out chance on 114 before he was stranded mid-pitch as a result of a mix-up with Holder. He was one of three batsmen, who went by way of the run out route, the others being Shai Hope for 25 and Jonathan Carter. Lewis’s departure saw West Indies slipping to 262 for six with 69 needed from 57 balls until Holder and Brathwaite, who contributed 19, put together 45 runs for the seventh wicket to drag Windies within 24 runs shy of Sri Lanka’s score. Brathwaite was one of two victims of Nuwan Kulasekara, who was Sri Lanka’s top bowler with two for 72. West Indies, who were cruising to the target for most of the game, found themselves needing 19 from ten balls, before ten runs were required from the final over. Sulieman Benn sparked excitement in the Windies camp when he hit the second delivery of Pradeep’s over, over deep mid wicket and then holed out to sweeper cover with three needed from the final three deliveries. Holder, who then needed three from the final ball, managed a shot to cover for a single as Sri Lanka prevailed. Holder, who was not out on 45, also finished as the leading wicket taker for his side with three wickets for 57 runs. Earlier, two Sri Lankan batsmen missed out on centuries by exactly six runs after the home side recovered from the loss of Kusal Perera in the third over with the score on 18. Niroshan Dickwella 94, Kusal Mendis 94 and Dhananjaya de Silva 58 were the top scorers for Sri Lanka who lost to West Indies at the start of the series. BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe, (CMC): Evin Lewis struck his first ODI century, but his knock was in vain as West Indies panicked in the death overs to hand Sri Lanka a nail-biting one-run win in the fifth game of the Tri-Nation Series at Queen’s Club here yesterday. Lewis scored an enterprising 148 to keep West Indies on course for victory, while cameos from captain Jason Holder and Carlos Brathwaite brought the Caribbean side within striking distance. But with ten runs needed in the final over to successfully chase a 300 plus target for the first time in ODIs, the Windies were bogged down by deliveries at the death from Nuwan Pradeep in a thrilling finish. Sri Lanka’s win secures a spot in Sunday’s final, while West Indies and Zimbabwe meet on Friday to decide which team advances. Lewis’s maiden ODI century contained 15 fours and four sixes as he kept West Indies in line with the asking rate for most of the chase. The Trinidad and Tobago batsman shared in two half century partnerships that powered his side’s innings to 329 for nine after the home side amassed 330 for seven after they were sent in. He featured in an opening stand of 63 with Johnson Charles, who scored 26 and 70 for the second wicket with Kraigg Brathwaite, who got 16 and rode his luck several times during his backbone innings.last_img read more

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No. 16 UMBC stuns No. 1 Virginia to make NCAA history

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first_imgCarpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award No. 1 seeds in the NCAA Tournament were 135-0.“Unbelievable — it’s really all you can say,” UMBC coach Ryan Odom said.The Cavaliers couldn’t get anything generated on offense and the nation’s top-ranked defense couldn’t contain the American East Conference champions who won their conference tournament at the buzzer.The 74 points were the most Virginia had allowed this year. And they played teams like Duke and North Carolina. Virginia had allowed just 54.3 points per game this season, the fewest in the nation.UMBC shot 67.9 percent from the field in the second half and held Virginia to 42 percent after intermission.“We got thoroughly outplayed and that’s the reality of it,” Virginia coach Tony Bennett said.Lyles was the catalyst.He diced up Virginia’s defense in the second half, getting to the hole easily and making easy layups. He also knocked down a pair of 3-pointers as UMBC built a 16-point lead.“I always let him play,” Odom said. “I never hold him back. When he gets going like that if breeds confidence in other guys.”The game was tied at halftime, but the Retrievers came out confident and motivated in the second half and built a double-digit lead that Virginia could never erase. UMBC’s Jairus Lyles (10) knocks the ball from Virginia’s Ty Jerome (11) during the first half of a first-round game in the NCAA men’s college basketball tournament in Charlotte, N.C., Friday, March 16, 2018. (AP Photo/Gerry Broome)CHARLOTTE, N.C. — Jairus Lyles couldn’t suppress a smile, knowing that a school known more for chess than hoops had finally made it happen — a 16 ousting a 1 in March Madness.The University of Maryland-Baltimore County stunned the sports world by pulling off the most shocking upset in college basketball history, hammering Virginia 74-54 on Friday night to become the first No. 16 seed ever to beat a No. 1 seed in the men’s NCAA Tournament.ADVERTISEMENT Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Virginia’s Ty Jerome, who had 15 points along with Guy, was asked if he was aware a No. 16 seed had never won in the NCAA Tournament.“I think everyone is aware of that,” Jerome said. “Thanks for bringing that up again, but I was aware of it.”ONE OTHER TIMEIn 1998, the No. 16 seed Harvard women beat top-seeded Stanford on the Cardinal’s home floor.UP NEXTUMBC: Will face No. 9 seed Kansas State on Sunday in the second round. Joe Sherburne, who had 14 points, was huge early in the second half and made believers out of everyone. He scored on an and-1 drive and then knocked down a 3-pointer from the top of the key after a behind-the-back pass from KJ Maura. After Virginia made a foul shot, the shifty 5-foot-8, 140-pound Maura drove the lane for uncontested layup.A Tony Bennett timeout couldn’t stop the bleeding, as Lyles hit two more 3′s and Sherburne hit one more to extend UMBC’s lead to 14 with about 15 minutes left.Arkel Lamer made a 3-pointer from the corner with 3 1/2 minutes left to put UMBC up by 17, then backpedaled down the court with his tongue hanging out. You knew history was coming.Chants of “UMBC” echoed through the arena.“We all wanted to be in the ‘One Shining Moment’ video,” Sherburne said.It was yet another early exit for the Cavaliers in a season that seemed to hold so much promise. This was the fourth time in the last five seasons the Cavaliers have been either the No. 1 or 2 seed, but failed to reach the Final Four under Bennett.Bennett said the Cavaliers had a historic season and then “a historic loss. That’s life.”Instead of trying to chip away at the lead and pound the ball inside against the smaller Retrievers, Virginia repeatedly shot 3-pointers. Virginia missed 13 of its first 14 before getting hot for a brief stretch late in the game.“Once we got down 8 or 10 we tried to make home run plays,” Virginia’s Kyle Guy said.YES IT HAPPENED: UMBC secured its underdog legacy in sports lore, alongside Buster Douglas, the 1980 United States Olympic hockey team, Appalachian State football and Joe Namath’s Jets.Virginia entered the NCAA Tournament as the No. 1 overall seed after going 31-2 in the regular season, including 20-1 in ACC competition.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkThe question wasn’t whether they would win this game, but if they would get to the Final Four and win it all.But UMBC — a team most glanced over when filling out their brackets — didn’t just beat Virginia, it dominated throughout the second half, dismantling the 20 1/2-point favorites by 20 points in the other direction. To put things in perspective, UMBC scored 53 points in the second half — one shy of how many Virginia scored in the entire game. Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. In a chaotic UMBC locker room after the game, players shouted: “All brackets gone! No perfect brackets! Put that in the news!”Lyles scored 23 of his 28 points in the second half and the Retrievers cruised to an easy victory before racing off the floor together in their yellow-and-black uniforms, fingers pointed toward the ceiling.“These are the moments that you dream of,” Lyles said. “It’s always exciting to make history.”Chaminade’s 77-72 stunner over Ralph Sampson and then No. 1-ranked Cavaliers in 1982 in Hawaii was generally considered the most remarkable upset in college basketball. But that was the regular season.This came when it mattered the most — in the NCAA Tournament.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Cabuyao City rising above the ashes through volunteerism Scarlett Johansson, Sterling K. Brown among SAG Awards presenters Conor McGregor seeks to emerge from controversy in UFC comeback LATEST STORIES View comments Warriors’ Durant out at least 2 weeks with fractured rib Recto seeks to establish Taal rehab body to aid community, eruption victims Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown MOST READ In Liverpool, Man United sees the pain and path to recoverylast_img read more

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Iraq football hit by age fraud scandals

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first_imgBut a series of cases of alleged age fraud has put Iraq’s international football reputation back into jeopardy, with players and coaches warning that authorities have long turned a blind eye to cheating if it will bring home a win.Karim Saddam, one of the country’s football legends, said the Iraqi Football Association (IFA) “tries by any means, by any cost to have teams achieve victories and to take credit for it”.To do so, he said, “it will turn a blind eye to teams that have players with forged IDs”.The first tremor hit on July 30, when players on Iraq’s under-16 football squad were banned from taking off for a regional tournament in Jordan.Undeceived by the players’ hairless cheeks, Baghdad airport officials found that nine members of the team had falsified ages on their passports.The IFA quickly dismissed the team’s officials, who players said had instructed them to shave to look younger.It also promised to take action against “players who falsified their age”.For weeks, anti-fraud activists had posted evidence online that some of the players had voted in Iraq’s May elections, proving they were over 18.To avoid a Sh3mn ($30,000) non-participation fine from the tournament, Iraq’s under-14 team was sent to play in their stead.– Sh10mn fine –Former Iraqi international footballer Karim Saddam speaks during an interview with AFP in Baghdad about age-group fraud scandals © AFP/File / Sabah ARAROn August 1, Iraq’s under-23 squad dropped out of the Asian Games — set to begin later this month — after activists again took to social media alleging 17 of the team’s 23 players had lied about their age.The team faces a possible Sh10mn ($100,000) fine and a potential ban from the next edition in 2022.Just days later, authorities dissolved the country’s under-19 team, expected in Indonesia this fall for the AFC Championship finals.Officials said the squad would be regrouped once player IDs were thoroughly screened.Sports authorities in Iraq have tried to contain the crisis by announcing new checks and insisting that they had been caught off guard by the scale of the problem.But “people who follow Iraqi football know very well why Iraq has withdrawn from the Asian Games”, said Hassan Ahmed, coach of Iraq’s first division Al-Naft club.“It’s out of fear that a second scandal will break out after the under-16s.”Ahmed rejected claims by the IFA that the team was forced to withdraw from the competition due to the unavailability of players retained by their clubs, including Al-Naft.“The teams that meet the Iraqis in junior championships are beginning to realise the age of the players,” he said.– ‘Culture of forgery’ –Iraq football fans cheer for the national side during a recent friendly football match against Qatar © AFP/File / KARIM JAAFAROne reason the IFA may be so desperate to win is because of its isolation at home, said Saddam, who played on Iraq’s 1986 World Cup team.The IFA is in conflict with the ministry of youth and sports over revenue from stadium ticket sales and has been boycotted by major football figures, he said.Sports journalist Zidan al-Rubaie said football fraud is only one facet of a “widespread culture of forgery”.Under Saddam Hussein’s rule, Iraqis were forced to find creative ways to circumvent more than a decade-long international embargo, and after his ouster, to survive sectarian violence and jihadists.In the chaos that ensued after Saddam’s fall, thousands of Iraqis falsified their ID cards, changing their religion, hometown or name to avoid the ire of armed groups.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Iraqi football has been hit by a string of age fraud scandals, with national age-group teams banned from competing abroad © AFP / ABBAS MOMANIBAGHDAD, Iraq, Aug 4 – With players banned from travel, executives sacked and a national squad that just withdrew from the Asian Games, Iraqi football is paying the price for a string of age fraud scandals.Nearly five months ago, FIFA breathed life back into Iraqi football by lifting a three-decade ban on the country’s hosting of international matches.last_img read more

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Arsenal say Lingard antics fuelled revenge mission against Man Utd

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first_img0Shares0000Jesse Lingard’s celebrations inspired Arsenal’s win over Manchester United © IKIMAGES/AFP / Ian KINGTONLondon, United Kingdom, Mar 11 – Arsenal goalkeeper Bernd Leno has revealed Jesse Lingard’s extravagant goal celebrations at the Gunners’ expense inspired their revenge victory over Manchester United.Lingard infuriated Arsenal’s players when he launched into a ‘moon-walk’ in front of the home supporters to mark his goal in United’s 3-1 FA Cup fourth-round win at the Emirates Stadium in January. The United winger’s flamboyant celebration was perceived as taunting and Arsenal were determined to get their own back when Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s side returned to north London on Sunday.Lingard, who also scored twice in the league clash at Arsenal last season, irked fans by posting his recent celebration on Instagram with the location set as “dancefloor”.But Granit Xhaka’s opener and Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang’s penalty gave Arsenal the 2-0 win they craved at the weekend, ending Solskjaer’s unbeaten domestic streak since taking charge at Old Trafford in December.Making it even sweeter, Arsenal climbed above United into fourth place in the race to qualify for next season’s Champions League.Arsenal’s Mesut Ozil referenced Lingard in a post-match tweet on Sunday which read: “Dancefloor huh?! Superb performance! Brilliant result! Thank you Emirates Stadium! Proud to be a Gunner!”Lingard missed the game as he nurses a hamstring injury but Leno admitted the England star’s antics had spurred on Unai Emery’s team.“In your mind you will never forget something like that, when somebody is celebrating,” Leno said.“You don’t want to see it again so we were motivated and we knew before the game about our chance because Man United had one more point than us.“Now we have a two-point lead and that was enough motivation for us. We are in the top four and the other teams now wait for our mistakes.”“We don’t play against the other top six teams so I think we can beat the others,” the goalkeeper added. “The next game is against Newcastle at home and it is an opportunity to win and stay in the top four.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

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BIG CHILL 2: SIX INCHES OF SNOW ON WAY THIS EVENING

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first_img1PM: LATEST: DONEGAL is being battered by blizzards again this afternoon as Big Chill 2 continues unabated.The worst hit areas were around Inishowen, the Finn Valley, Gaoth Dobhair and around Letterkenny. The windchill factor in some areas hit -10C.Forecasters are now predicting there will not be a thaw until at least Christmas Eve. There has already been reports of many crashes including a truck that has jack-knifed in Stranorlar while there has also been a crash at Market Square, Letterkenny.Gardai are today warning motorists only to make essential journeys and some schools have decided to close – with many school events such as concerts having to be postponed or cancelled. A full list is in our news section.Roads in and around Letterkenny are treacherous this afternoon – with 15 CMs of snow on the way this evening.Roads around Bundoran, Ballyshannon, Ardara and Killybegs are poor this morning and motorists are told to avoid travelling south into Sligo. Many roads across the Border in Derry, Tyrone and Fermanagh have been hit with heavy snowfalls.The Barnesmore Gap is ‘poor’ – and there are large tailbacks through Stranorlar.There are also now reports that Meearoy has been closed as more heavy snow starts to fall.There is a severe weather warning for later today with forecasters predicting a prolonged and heavy snowfall this afternoon.And there’s worse to come – with more snow and ice forecast for tomorrow, Sunday and Monday – with Met Eireann forecasting a thaw on Christmas Eve, with rain on Christmas Day. From midday today, Donegal County Council will suspend gritting services to hundreds of kilometres of local roads thanks to a lack of salt from the National Roads Authority which has been accused once again of diverting supplies to Dublin and the south of the country.The weather will also hit local traders just when they need the business most – and anyone hoping to get presents online may find they won’t arrive in time for Christmas Day.The fall-out from the chaos on the roads is set to continue with local politicians accusing the Government of once again hanging the North West out to dry.“The bottom line is that Donegal has been left hung out to dry again. Once again we have been left to fend for ourselves,” said Councillor Jimmy Harte. “In fairness to council officials and staff on the ground, they can only work with what they have. I have no doubt that council officials will be working flat out in the coming days.“But the bottom line is that we simply do not have enough salt to treat all the roads and the responsibility for that rests with Minister Noel Dempsey.“You can bet the Minister’s own constituency is not short of salt,” fumed Colr Harte.A further weather update will follow soon…….BIG CHILL 2: SIX INCHES OF SNOW ON WAY THIS EVENING was last modified: December 17th, 2010 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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TAOISEACH URGED TO MEET WITH FAMILY OF MURDERED EDDIE FULLERTON

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first_imgDeputy Padraig Mac Lochlainn has urged Taoiseach End Kenny to meet with the family of murdered Donegal county councillor Eddie Fullerton.The Sinn Fein Deputy made his appeal in the Dail this afternoon.He said the evidence was overwhelming that there was collusion between the killers and the British Government during the 1991 murder of Cllr Fullerton in Buncrana.“Eddie Fullerton was a much loved and respected elected member of Buncrana Urban District Council and Donegal County Council assassinated in his home by agents of the British State on May 25th 1991. “Eddie’s family have been failed by the sheer apathy of those in power in this State since.“Thanks to the tireless efforts of Eddie’s family to get to the truth about their father’s assassination, we now know that the Eddie’s killers were taken back across the border by an RUC Special Branch car.“Will the Taoiseach meet with the family of Eddie Fullerton and act on their serious concerns once and for all?”TAOISEACH URGED TO MEET WITH FAMILY OF MURDERED EDDIE FULLERTON was last modified: June 18th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:buncranadonegalEddie Fullertonmurderlast_img read more

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Latest: Chelsea 0 Southampton 1 – nightmare start for the Blues

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first_imgJay Rodriguez gave Southampton the lead after only 13 seconds following a terrible error by Michael Essien.Essien, making his first Premier League start of the season, inexplicably lobbed the ball towards his own goal and over Blues defender Gary Cahill, enabling Rodriguez to nip in and shoot past the exposed Petr Cech.Juan Mata was recalled to the Chelsea starting line-up along with the fit-again Fernando Torres, while Essien’s surprise inclusion meant Frank Lampard dropped to the bench.The high-flying Saints, enjoying the club’s best start to a Premier League season, have won all six league games in which they have opened the scoring this term.Chelsea: Cech; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Essien, Ramires; Mata, Oscar, Hazard; Torres.Subs: Cole, Mikel, Lampard, Schurrle, Willian, Ba.Southampton: Boruc, Clyne, Fonte, Lovren, Shaw, Wanyama, Schneiderlin, Ward-Prowse, Lallana, Rodriguez, Osvaldo.Subs: Gazzaniga, Yoshida, Lambert, S Davis, Cork, Chambers, Hooiveld.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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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The Spider, the Fly and the Octopus: Invertebrate Designs

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first_img(Visited 184 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享1 Small animals without backbones are cleverly designed, leaving evolutionists scratching their heads.SpidersJumping spiders are “masters of miniature color vision,” Science Daily says. National Geographic put it, “Surprise: Jumping Spiders Can See More Colors Than You Can.” Their eyes are tiny compared to ours, but new research shows that they can see in three color channels, just like human eyes do.  Science Daily appealed to Darwin’s bag of tricks:The “spectral filtering” the researchers discovered had never before been described in any spider. That makes this visual strategy a remarkable example of evolutionary convergence.Not surprisingly, the paper published in Current Biology had little to say about how evolution converged on trichromatic vision in a little spider, or how this “innovation” came about:This suggests that a shift from dichromacy to trichromacy may have played an important role in the evolution of the distinctively colorful courtship displays of Habronattus jumping spiders. Future studies will examine if improved color discrimination ability, conveyed by intraretinal filtering, represents a key innovation that enabled the extensive radiation and success of the genus Habronattus.I.e., stuff happens. Maybe someone will figure it out some day.In conclusion, our study offers a solution to the long-standing puzzle of how some salticids see color and opens the door for future studies on co-evolution of color vision and coloration. Future work should focus on the taxonomic extent of this filter-based trichromacy, as well as the adaptive benefits most likely to have favored its evolution. In particular, we suggest that trichromatic species may realize significant advantages when foraging in prey communities that include red and yellow aposematic prey.Australians have been freaking out over “spider rain” (NBC News), but it’s not really raining spiders. It’s the season for their migration. Many species of spiders spin little strands of silk that catch the wind and can transport them long distances.  You, too, can freak out. “This is going on all around us all the time,” an arachnologist (spider expert) said. “We just don’t notice it.” National Geographic shows a picture of a piece of ground coated with spider webs like snow. (Not to worry; this poses “no danger to people. It’s a spectacular natural history occurrence.”) It may seem disgusting to some, but the article uses the event to discuss the “Wonders of Silk”—Silk has been a “huge evolutionary breakthrough,” he said, and “this is one more example of why spiders have been a successful group.“For a spectacular example of spider coloration and mating displays, see the Peacock Spider dance video embedded in this article at Evolution News & Views. Look how much color and skill is packed into a little guy just five millimeters in size!FliesA news item in Nature explains how flies use an “internal compass” to build a map of their surroundings. Fruit flies are tiny little guys; they have a compass in their pinheads? Sure; experiments with flies placed into a “virtual reality arena” shows them orienting their heads as they explored the virtual space. Their control traces down to the neurons in their little heads: “Neurons in the central complex showed highly tuned responses that encoded the fly’s orientation relative to a visual cue from the arena.” Once again, though, the explanations resort to speculative processes of convergence in spite of no evidence for evolution:The possibility that ring-like attractor networks are evolutionarily conserved [i.e., unevolved] raises the exciting prospect that similar internal computational principles are used to calculate orientation in disparate species.As stated in yesterday’s entry (5/19/15), flies share another “convergence” with humans. Current Biology says, “A recent study shows that brain connectivity in Drosophila melanogaster follows a small-world, modular and rich-club organisation that facilitates information processing. This organisation shows a striking similarity with the mammalian brain.”A paper in Nature reveals another remarkable correspondence between fruit flies and people: “Together, these results indicate that recursive splicing is commonly used in Drosophila, occurs in humans, and provides insight into the mechanisms by which some large introns are removed.” Recursive splicing is a multi-stage step requiring precise placement of molecular machinery on certain “ratchet points” in the transcribed gene. These ratchet points are “evolutionarily conserved” (unevolved) in the tiny fly’s genes, as to “structure and function”.Ant MathAn article in Science Daily says that “Ants’ movements hide mathematical patterns.” How did ants learn math? When they go exploring for food sources, they choose “collective routes that fit statistical distributions of probability,” known as Gaussian and Pareto distributions. Surprisingly, these little creatures, unrelated to vertebrates, “converge” again on similar strategies used by higher animals:Scientists have yet to discover the mechanisms explaining how flocks of birds, shoals of fish, lines of ants and other complex natural systems organise themselves so well when moving collectively.If they can figure it out, they can share the secrets with robot designers who would love to use the same mechanisms. “For example, they could be used to design the coordination of a group of micro-robots or small robots to clean a contaminated area or other tasks,” one of the researchers said.Another ant trick shows skill with mathematical physics. National Geographic shows a video clip of a trap-jaw ant using its powerful lightning-fast mandible to fling itself out of a sand trap. “It’s like popcorn. They go bouncing everywhere,” an observer said.Here’s another ant surprise: they see color really well. PhysOrg says, “their colour vision is likely to be as good as that of humans and old world primates and significantly better than that of other mammals such as dogs, cats or wallabies.” That packs a lot of technology into tiny eyes and brain. It’s so good, robot designers want to learn about microminiaturization from the ants, the article says.Insect DazzleAccompanied by a photo of a brightly-colored weevil, PhysOrg headlines an article, “Within colors of bees and butterflies, an optical engineer’s dream is realized.” Why so?Evolution has created in bees, butterflies, and beetles something optical engineers have been struggling to achieve for years—precisely organized biophotonic crystals that can be used to improve solar cells, fiber-optic cables, and even cosmetics and paints, a new Yale-led study has found.Engineers have had a hard time manufacturing the precise geometric patterns at the microscopic scale that produce interference patterns that intensify colors seen in insects. Evolution somehow achieved what intelligent design has been unable to do:“Arthropods such as butterflies and beetles, which have evolved over millions of years of selection, appear to routinely make these photonic nanostructures using self-assembly and at the desired optical scale just like in modern engineering approaches,” said Richard Prum, the William Robertson Coe Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and senior author of the paper.Bee GenesHoneybee hives are models of collective behavior with social organization, division of labor and economic efficiency. How did that evolve? An article on PhysOrg tries to discern clues in the genes for a phenomenon that has been an evolutionary puzzle for 155 years:Explaining the evolution of insect society, with sterile society members displaying extreme levels of altruism, has long been a major scientific challenge, dating back to Charles Darwin’s day. A new genomic study of 10 species of bees representing a spectrum of social living – from solitary bees to those in complex, highly social colonies – offers new insights into the genetic changes that accompany the evolution of bee societies.But do the genes just “accompany” the behaviors, or cause them? That’s a deeper philosophical question. Gene Robinson (U of Illinois) believes they co-evolve: “It appears from these results that gene networks get more complex as social life gets more complex, with network complexity driving social complexity.” So is the unit of selection the gene, or the network? Surprisingly, evolution works against natural selection in this case:A third major finding was that increases in social complexity were accompanied by a slowing, or “relaxation,” of changes in the genome associated with natural selection. This effect on some genes may be a result of the buffering effect of living in a complex, interdependent society, where the “collective genome” is less vulnerable to dramatic environmental changes or other external threats, Robinson said.Nature just made a beeline to a special section this week on bees. Here are links to the features:Lauren Gravitz writes about bee instincts, their waggle dances, and their “leaderless organization” that creates a “hive mind.”Lucas Laursen writes about the “lone ranger” wild bees: solitary bees that are unsung heroes of pollinization.Neil Savage writes about bumblebee aerodynamics and the attempts by robot designers to mimic their acrobatic flights. “The flight of the bumblebee is a remarkable feat,” evidenced by the difficulty of playing Rimsky-Korsakov’s virtuouso piece by that name. The tiny hairs on the bee’s body provides sensory data and also dampens aerodynamic forces. Did you know that these champion flyers have been found flying higher than Mt. Everest?Alla Katsnelson writes about bee guts. That’s right; “By analysing bacteria that live in the digestive tracts of bees, researchers hope to learn about the role of microbes in insect health.” The bacteria inside bee guts “have evolved to make a living in one of the most extreme antibiotic environments on the planet,” one biologist says.A slate of seven entomologists discusses “the biggest challenges faced by bees and bee researchers.”Sarah DeWeerdt waxes poetic about “the beeline” – i.e., the “long and interwoven history” between humans and honeybees.GlowwormA new glowing millipede in California was announced in PNAS. The title promises to show “the gradual evolution of bioluminescence in Diplopoda,” but once again, the innovation just appears over and over in different organisms. Whether or not it gets brighter over time (in their speculative evolutionary timeline) is a much less challenging question:Luminescence in Motyxia may have initially evolved to cope with metabolic stress triggered by a hot, dry environment and was repurposed as a warning signal by species colonizing high-elevation habitats with greater predation risk. The discovery of bioluminescence in X. bistipita and its pivotal evolutionary location provides insight into repeated evolution of bioluminescence across the tree of life.OctopusThe octopus, a cephalopod (“head-foot”), is one of the most complex invertebrates known, with eyes rivaling the human eye in design, a myriad of complex behaviors, skin that can instantly change color and shape, and eight flexible, highly-maneuverable arms. Another wonder just surfaced: the octopus (and other cephalopods) can “see” with its skin. Science Magazine says that rhodopsin molecules are found in the skin, apparently giving the animals the ability to sense light. (See this ability in an unrelated animal, the brittlestar—an echinoderm, 8/23/01). A press release from UC Santa Barbara says that octopus skin can “see” even without input from the eyes and brain. Though the skin only senses brightness, it’s enough to help the octopus adapt its camouflage quickly, as the embedded video clip shows.How could this evolve? As usual, the explanation involves innovation and convergence:According to Oakley, this new research suggests an evolutionary adaptation….Ramirez wants to understand how these two groups are related. “Do they all come from the same ancestral source or did they evolve multiple times?” he asked.Science Magazine’s speculation tosses some co-option into the Darwin brew: “light-sensing ability may have originated with an ancestral mollusk, which over time cephalopods have drafted to facilitate their unique behavior.”Octopus arms are the focus of three recent articles by engineers who want to imitate them for robotics: PhysOrg (“Octopus inspires future surgical tool”), Live Science (“Octopus-inspired robotic arms can multitask during surgery”) and The Conversation (“How we made an octopus-inspired surgical robot using coffee”). Coffee? Kaspar Althoefer explains that their robot uses the same method of “granular jamming” used to pack coffee in cans. “In fact, the granules used in the STIFF-FLOP robot prototypes are actually ground coffee granules because of their excellent jamming behaviour.” It allows the robot to “freeze” the robotic arms in specific positions. The octopus, with its arms always in motion, doesn’t need the caffeine.Since these three articles were focused on mimicking the octopus’s excellent engineering, they did not venture into speculations about how the octopus might have evolved.Evolutionists evolve their theories by blind, unguided processes of chance. Creationists reason up their theories by intelligent design.last_img read more

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Foreign investors flock to JSE

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first_img12 January 20062005 was a record-beating year for South Africa’s JSE, with foreigners buying a record net R50-billion worth of local shares, the All Share index rocketing 43% – reaching countless record highs in the process – and the JSE’s market capitalisation increasing by 40% over 2004.According to Business Day, foreign investment in South African stocks reached a 10-year high in 2005 on the back of soaring gold, platinum and copper prices. Net stock purchases by foreigners more than doubled from R32.9-billion in 2004 to R50.5-billion in 2005.Economist Mike Schussler told Business Day that the increase in foreign investments would yield long-term economic benefits for South Africa.“The capital inflow will help with economic development and job creation. In addition, this investment will keep the rand and inflation stable. With stable inflation, interest rates can stay down,” Schussler said.“This is an encouraging development for SA because people who make these investment decisions base them on their assessment of the country and government’s economic policies.”One of the world’s top performersAccording to Reuters, the resource-heavy South African bourse was one of world’s best performing stock markets in 2005, thanks to high commodity and precious metal prices and strong earnings from industrial stocks, which were boosted by buoyant consumer demand.The JSE’s All Share index rose by 43% during 2005, following a 20% rise in 2004, placing ninth in the six months to 5 January on Bloomberg’s list of 78 primary equity indices worldwide.The Financial Mail quotes Standard & Poor’s as reporting that the 46.6% total return on the JSE in 2005 was the best among six large emerging markets – beating Mexico (41.3%), India (41.2%), Brazil (37.2%), Taiwan (11.3%) and China (11.3%) – with only one market among developed economies, namely Japan (47.4%), doing better.According to Moneyweb, the JSE’s Resource 20 index was the exchange’s best performer with a return of 67%, with other indices all delivering good growth: Gold Mining 61%, Small Caps 42%, Mid Caps 35%, Industrial 25 32%, and Financial 15 30%.Moneyweb reports that the total market value of all shares listed on the JSE was R3.6-trillion on 30 December 2005 – up 40% on the JSE’s market capitalisation of R2.6-trillion at the end of 2004.According to Business Report, the JSE pulled in 19 new listings in 2005, and has more than 10 new listings already in the pipeline for 2006, while AltX, the JSE’s alternative exchange for small and medium-sized companies, is expected to double in size this year.The exchange started 2006 where it left off last year, reaching yet another record high on the first trading day of the new year.On 9 January, the gold price reached a 25-year record of US$544.60 an ounce – its highest level since January 1981 – adding to an overall “feel good” factor that has gripped South Africa’s economy.SouthAfrica.info reporterlast_img read more

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